First Aid at home

First Aid at home, this is a life skill which can be crucial during an emergency. Anyone with simple knowledge, or even awareness can become a life-saver during an emergency.


First Aid at home
A simple skill which can literally save a life

Some of the common scenarios which one might face in our day to day encounters (there are many more depictions in TV dramas)

-Sprains and fractures
-Excessive bleeding
-Punctures and wounds
-Fainting spell
-Heart Attack

Many of the dangers could be alleviated if First Aid is rendered promptly.


Applying CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) and using an AED (Automated External Defibrillator) effectively can save lives. Any help rendered before an ambulance arrives might prevent a situation from deteriorating.

(In worse case scenario, a paramedic can guide you over the phone on how to react or perform CPR)

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During my First Aid course, we knew that someone with Cardiac Arrest (Heart attack) only has 10 minutes before he cannot be resuscitated.

If the heart is not pumping blood, brain will suffer permanent tissue damage after 4 to 6 minutes.

*CPR is crucial to keep the heart alive for blood circulation.
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SGSecure campaign

With the SGSecure campaign, many are aware of “Run, Hide and Tell”.  My kids can tell me about sms 71999.

But not many know about “Press, Tie, Tell”.

Image credit SGSecure

In many scenarios, if blood is flowing out, we must apply Pressure to stop bleeding first. More details on SGSecure website.

First Aid at home, I invited a few models to refresh my skills.

First Aid at home
First Aid at home


We have heard how AED can help shock a heart to pump again. But you need to know where to find an AED first.

AED Image credit CNA


I did notice there are more AEDs now, especially high traffic areas like MRT stations.

SCDF’s myResponder App

Useful Apps and Links, FirstAid courses

For additional tips, I can refer to SCDF’s mySCDF app or YouTube.

mySCDF App

My little fire fighter at home. I hope we do not need to fight a fire at home one day, but it is crucial for my family to know how to evacuate during an emergency.

Pin Aim Squeeze Spray

Pickup First Aid skills if you have not already done so.  Checkout SCDF website for latest updates, click on CEPP (Community Emergency Preparedness Programme) link to register.

SCDF or commercial CPR courses duration can last from 4 hours to full 3 days (from basic to comprehensive with certification), but the basic awareness (CPR, AED, Bandaging hands on) course should be sufficient for most.

Some of the safety posts from our previous experiences are shared below.

-SCDF’s EPC (first hand experience on safety)

-Learning First Aid with family (PA)

-First Aid Kit and Fire evacuation

-SGSecure campaign (Hands on CPR and first aid tips)

-Saturday Fire Station open house

-Blood Donation


CPR-Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
AED-Automated external defibrillator

Ambulance and Fire-995

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* The tips above are only meant to raise awareness for First Aid

** We will never know whether we are ready to apply our skills, until we are faced with a situation. Actual incident scene might traumatised many First Aiders too ( imagine bloody wounds or amputations ). But if we do not act, a life might be lost.

*** Salute to all the paramedics out there!

If you see an ambulance coming up behind you, give way promptly. You do not need to wait till the ambulance is tailgating you!

**** If you have more tips, do share with us

DRSABC CPR for everyone

First aid skills for familiy
First aid skills for familiy

DRSABC CPR, Boon Yee simulating a CPR (Cardiopulmonary resuscitation) on me. We were attending a two hour First Aid familiarisation course designed for family.

DRSABC stands for :
Danger (look out for danger before rendering help to victim)
Response (tap victim on shoulder hard to ensure he is conscious/unconscious
Shout (Shout for HELP, “call 995!”, “Grab AED or First Aid Box”. (AED stands for Automated External Defibrillator)
Airway (ensure airway no choke, thus blocking breathing)
Breathing (check for signs of breathing, breath and chest rising)
CPR (perform CPR only on unconscious victim, who is not breathing)


We cannot emphasize enough the importance of CPR. The first few minutes after a victim collapse are crucial to sustain blood flow through the body, especially the brain.

If blood is not flowing to the brain, it will lead to brain-dead (comatose). Even if heart should be resuscitated, the victim will become a vegetable, or suffers from other side effect.

I am a First Aider, but what happens when I am not around. I hope the kids would have picked up some awareness about rendering First Aid. Even if you do not know CPR, 995 call-centre can guide you over the phone.

Some of the tips which kids pick up along the session.
– Counting 1&2&3&4&5 during CPR (elbow always straight and fingers interlock)
– Following AED’s instructions to monitor heart rythem and administering shock
– Gloves for hygiene, you do not wish to be contaminated by victim’s blood or fluid.
– Apply pressure till blood flow is controlled and stopped
– Using tap water to run off hot water or chemical spill and scalds
– Applying Crepe bandage and triangle sling


This 2 hours Basic CPR course is part of PA (People’s Association) School Holiday series. It offers an overview of First Aid, and raise awareness for the kids. The real First Aid course will be covered over three days.


As a First Aider, I know the importance of having first aid skills for my family. I hope the kids will be able to help in an emergency.

Shoutout for SCDF app myRESPONDER.
This app will buzz you to respond to nearby incidence, or detect nearest AED. It hopes to render assistance to victims faster.

Remember DRSABC CPR, every minute counts.

More details about PA courses can be found on their website.

Our previous emergency preparations and activities :